Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that occurs in the glandular tissue of the breast.
Cancer is a group of oncological diseases in which cell mutations occur at the genomic level, as a result of which cells cease to ripen normally, begin to multiply rapidly, grow uncontrollably, and can produce toxins that suppress general and local immunity.
Breast cancer is considered one of the most common types of cancer, ranks second after lung cancer, among all types of malignant tumors. It is also the most common type of cancer in women. Since both men and women have mammary glands, in rare cases it also happens in men (about 1% of cases).
What causes breast cancer?
If we cannot influence the genetic predisposition, then we can do everything in our power to diagnose and prevent the appearance of a malignant tumor in time.
Regularly take tests, do a mammogram for women under 40 - 1 time in 2 years, an ultrasound of the mammary gland, a comprehensive examination. If there are any changes in the chest (tightness, redness), unpleasant, painful sensations, consult a doctor immediately.
Lead a healthy lifestyle, eat right, keep weight normal, and be physically active.
Breastfeeding is a good prevention of breast cancer!
Symptoms of breast cancer:
various densities in the chest are felt (firm, soft)
chest pain (painful palpation)
changes in color, skin structure (peeling, redness)
changes in the nipple (retraction of the nipple as one of the symptoms)
changes in shape, breast size
Symptoms are not always present, however, one must be very careful and in no case ignore the presence of at least 1 of them.
Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Ultrasonic Research Method - Ultrasound
X-ray method - mammography
Biopsy (trepan biopsy) - a method that is used to confirm the diagnosis. For this, a tissue sample is taken from a suspicious site and poisoned for examination, where the malignancy of the tumor is confirmed or refuted.
Breast cancer treatment
The treatment of breast cancer depends on many factors and is already individually selected based on them.
The most common treatments for this form of cancer are:
Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
Surgical treatment for breast cancer
The surgical method involves partial (lumpectomy) or complete (mastectomy) removal of the mammary gland. It depends on the stage, the size of the tumor, its location. The purpose of the operation is to preserve as many healthy tissues as possible, so if there is a possibility of partial removal, they will choose it.
However, there are situations when a tumor reaches such sizes or grows into surrounding tissues so that complete removal cannot be dispensed with.
A radiotherapeutic method for treating breast cancer
Radiation therapy (radiotherapy) is an additional treatment method, usually used to prevent relapse after surgery, preventing the remaining cancer cells from spreading and reappearing.
Modern equipment and technologies are irradiated without touching healthy organs and tissues. It works most effectively in combination with chemotherapy. But the treatment plan is always selected individually, do not forget about it.
Breast cancer chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is an important step in the treatment of breast cancer. Special chemicals act on cells that are sensitive to them. Depending on the indications, it can be used at all stages of treatment.
Before surgery - to reduce the size of the tumor and thereby reduce the volume of subsequent surgery.
After the operation, it suppresses the remaining cancer cells, prevents them from spreading and subsequently reappearing.
Sometimes this method is used instead of surgery. It can be used with radiation therapy.
Breast cancer prognosis
The prognosis depends on the stage, course, location of malignant cells, age, the presence of concomitant diseases.
Best predictions for early diagnosis in the initial stages of cancer.
At stages 1-2, the survival rate reaches 90%
In the presence of metastases in the last stages, this percentage is much reduced.
Here are important:
qualified team of specialists
modern equipment, approach
a well-designed treatment program
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